Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People
Travel: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers
The COVID-19 pandemic is a rapidly evolving situation and CDC guidance is updated frequently.
Check CDC’s Domestic Travel or International Travel pages for the latest recommendations for travelers.
Travel is any trip that involves leaving your community. Transportation within your community for errands and work transit is not considered travel.
Yes, people who have recovered from COVID-19 can safely travel if they have met criteria to travel.
Travelers who have recovered from COVID-19 in the past 90 days do not need to get tested before or after travel. If they develop COVID-19 symptoms before, during or after travel, they should isolate and consult with a healthcare provider for testing recommendations.
Those traveling by air to the United States from a foreign country can show documentation of recovery from COVID-19 instead of a negative test result before boarding their flight.
These travelers should follow other travel recommendations and requirements for domestic and international travel.
Maintaining physical distance to prevent COVID-19 is often difficult on public transportation. People may not be able to keep a distance of 6 feet from others on airplanes, trains, or buses.
Protect yourself from COVID-19 by staying up to date with your COVID-19 vaccines and by wearing a mask on public transportation. Everyone aged 2 years or older, regardless of vaccination status, should properly wear a well-fitting mask or respirator in indoor areas of public transportation (such as airplanes, trains, buses, ferries) and transportation hubs (such as airports, stations, and seaports), especially in locations that are crowded or poorly ventilated such as airport jetways.
All travelers should take steps to protect themselves and others.
CDC does not reimburse or help travelers get reimbursements for travel expenses as a result of canceled or delayed travel because of testing or vaccination requirements for air passengers flying to the United States or other issues related to COVID-19. While some companies may base their policies on CDC’s travel recommendations or requirements, each company establishes its own refund policies.
In some cases, trip cancellation insurance can protect your financial investment in a trip if you need to change your itinerary in the event of an international outbreak. Visit CDC’s Travelers’ Health website if you’d like to learn more about travel insurance, including trip cancellation insurance.
CDC reviews data reported to the World Health Organization daily to determine a destination’s COVID-19 Travel Health Notice level and makes appropriate level changes on a routine basis. There are a few factors that CDC considers when determining the level of a destination. To find out more about the COVID-19 Travel Health Notice levels, visit How CDC Determines the Level for COVID-19 Travel Health Notices.
For additional FAQs on the testing requirement before air travel to the U.S. and the vaccine requirement before air travel to the U.S., visit Requirement for Proof of Negative COVID-19 Test or Documentation of Recovery from COVID-19 and Requirement for Proof of COVID-19 Vaccination for Air Passengers.
Air passengers are required to provide the following contact information, to the extent that it exists, within 72 hours before their flight’s departure: full name (as it appears on their passport), address while in the United States, primary contact phone number, secondary or emergency contact phone number, and email address.
Passengers must also:
- Acknowledge that the obligation to provide complete and accurate information is a U.S. government requirement and that failure to provide complete and accurate information may result in criminal penalties.
- Confirm the information they provided is complete and accurate.
Under current federal regulations, pilots must report all illnesses and deaths to CDC before arriving to a U.S. destination. According to CDC protocols, if a sick traveler has a contagious disease that is a risk to others on board the airplane, CDC works with local and state health departments and international public health agencies to contact exposed passengers and crew.
Be sure to give the airline your current contact information when booking your ticket so you can be notified if you are exposed to a sick traveler on a flight.
For more information, see the CDC webpage Protecting Travelers’ Health from Airport to Community: Investigating Contagious Diseases on Flights.
For information about COVID-19 requirements for land travel, visit the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Fact Sheet: Guidance for Travelers to Enter the U.S. at Land Ports of Entry and Ferry Terminalsexternal icon.
Yes. The chance of getting COVID-19 on cruise ships is high because the virus spreads easily between people in close quarters on board ships. For this reason, CDC recommends the following groups of people avoid traveling on cruise ships, including river cruises, worldwide:
- People who are not up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines.
- People with an increased risk of severe illness, regardless of vaccination status, including
- Older adults and adults of any age with serious chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, chronic lung disease, and diabetes.
- Children with underlying medical conditions.